WHAT IS TOTAL KNEE REPLACEMENT SURGERY?
A surgical procedure in which damaged parts of the knee joint are replaced with artificial parts. Total knee replacements is a procedure which is performed for patients who are suffering from knee osteoarthritis mainly. The aim of Total Knee Replacement is to remove pain and restore mobility. It allows you to be more active. It helps in relieving pain and restoring the function in knee joints. It is most commonly performed for osteoarthritis, and also for other knee diseases.
SYMPTOMS OF KNEE OSTEOARTHRITIS:
- Strolling, climbing stairs, and getting in and out of seats
- Moderate or severe knee pain while resting, either day or night
- Knee deformity — a bowing in or out of your knee
- Chronic knee inflammation and swelling that does not improve with rest or medications
- Failure to substantially improve with other treatments such as anti-inflammatory medications, cortisone injections, lubricating injections, physical therapy, or other surgeries
- Extreme knee pain or firmness that restricts your regular exercises.
DIAGNOSTIC TEST FOR TOTAL KNEE REPLACEMENT:
The patient’s vital signs are checked to make sure blood pressure, heart rate,
body temperature, and oxygenation levels are normal and surgery can proceed.
- Medical Evaluation – It is to access the medical symptoms.
- Medical Tests – X-RAY, CT SCAN are done to produce cross-sectional images of the body.
- Laboratory tests– medical devices that are intended for use on samples of blood, urine, or other tissues or substances taken from the body to help diagnose disease or other conditions.
- Joint aspiration– is a technique to remove liquid from the space around expel a joint utilizing a needle and syringe.
PROCEDURE OF TOTAL KNEE REPLACEMENT SURGERY IN INDIA:
- It is performed under general anaesthesia.
- The damaged ends of the bones in your knee joint are removed and replaced with metal and plastic parts (a prosthesis) which have been measured to fit.
- The surgeon removes the damaged bone and cartilage and places the new metal and plastic implants to restore the knee’s alignment and function.
PRECAUTIONS AFTER SURGERY:
- Use a Walker or Cane.
- Physical-therapy program along with home exercises.
- Avoid sports that involve running or contact like golf or swimming.
- People can maximize rest time and reduce the chance of falls by planning ahead.
- Communicate Priorities to the Physical Therapist.
- Keep up with their physical therapy exercises.
- Try to avoid infections.
- Follow up with the surgeon regularly.