Colon cancer is a type of cancer that begins with the colon (large intestine). The colon is part of digestive system. Function of colon is to reabsorb fluids and process waste products from the body. The colon consist of four parts: descending colon, ascending colon, transverse colon, and sigmoid colon. Colon cancer is also known as colorectal cancer or rectal cancer or rectum cancer.
Colorectal cancer begins as a small, noncancerous (benign) clumps of cells (called polyps) which forms inside the colon. Some of colon cancer are benign and some over time become malignant.
The main type of colon cancer include-
If the sign and symptom are indicative of colon cancer. Doctor may recommend some test to confirm treatment plan, which includes-
Molecular testing of the tumor
Chest x-rayColon Cancer Treatment depends on the severity of the cancer and the physical condition of the patient. It may also vary according to the part affected like, ascending colon, descending colon, etc.
Treatment of colon cancer includes-