Organ Transplant in India
Organ transplantation is a medical procedure in which an organ is removed from one body and placed in the body of a recipient, to replace a damaged or missing organ.
Organ transplant is the last suggested procedure in cases of organ failure, and is undertaken only in critical cases and emergency medical situations. In such situations, at the critical end of organ failure, a healthy organ for transplant from a person living or deceased is transplanted into the organ transplant recipient, offering them a new chance of survival.
Chronic or acquired conditions such as diabetes, Tumors and etc or physical injuries can also be reasons for requirement of an organ transplant surgery. Organs that have been successfully transplanted include the Heart, Kidneys, Liver, Lungs, Intestine, and Cornea. Of these, kidney transplants are usually undertaken as the most common form of organ transplant and see a high organ transplant success rate. Organ donors may be living, brain dead, or dead via circulatory death.
Types of donor:
In living donors, the donor remains alive and donates an organ or part of an organ in which the remaining organ can regenerate or take on the workload of the rest of the organ (primarily single kidney donation, partial donation of liver).
Deceased donors (cadaveric) are people who have been declared brain-dead and whose organs are kept viable by ventilators or other mechanical mechanisms until they can be excised for transplantation. Apart from brain-stem dead donors, there is increasing use of donation-after-circulatory-death-donors (non-heart-beating donors) to increase the potential pool of donors as demand for transplants continues to grow.
Types of Organ Transplant:
Intestinal transplantation (intestine transplantation or small bowel transplantation) is the surgical replacement of the small intestine for chronic and acute cases of intestinal failure. Healthy intestine is taken from a deceased patient and transplanted into the organ transplant recipient. While intestinal failure can oftentimes be treated with alternative therapies such as parenteral nutrition (PN), complications such as PN-associated liver disease and short bowel syndrome may make transplantation the only viable option. One of the rarest type of organ transplantation performed, intestine transplantation is becoming increasingly prevalent as a therapeutic option due to improvements in immunosuppressive regimens, surgical technique, PN, and the clinical management of pre and post-transplant patients. Read More.
|Hospital||Location||Cost of Investigation||Cost of Heart Transplant|
|Apollo Hospital||Chennai||USD 2000||USD 95000|
|Medanta Hospital||Gurugram||USD 2000||USD 95000|
|Narayana Hospital||Bangalore||USD 2000||USD 90000|
In cases where corneal tissue is scarred or otherwise irreparably damaged due to disease or injury, a corneal transplant is suggested. The organ transplant statistics for Cornea transplant surgery shows a high rate of success and this is one of the more commonly performed organ transplantations. Since corneal eye disease is one of the most common reasons for blindness, corneal transplants are becoming more commonly suggested, and the advances in this organ transplant type has been immense from a surgical perspective.
Some reasons making a corneal transplant necessary include scarring from eye infections such as keratitis or herpes, and other eye diseases such as keratoconus where the shape of the cornea is distorted, making an organ transplant the only way to restore complete vision. Hereditary conditions can also cause corneal disease. Organ transplantation involving the cornea may also be suggested in cases where cataract and LASIK surgeries have been unsuccessful and caused further complications. Read More.
|Hospital||Location||Cost of Investigation||Cost of Cornea Transplant (For 1 Eye)|
|Apollo Spectra Hospital||New Delhi||USD 200||USD 1100|
|Sharp Sight Hospital||New Delhi||USD 200||USD 1000|
|Centre for Sight Hospital||Hyderabad||USD 200||USD 1200|
Since a heart is a vital organ, an organ transplant is provided to the donor from a deceased patient who has suffered brain death, often in the case of an accident. This replaces the organ transplant recipient’s damaged heart and offers them a completely new one to afford them a chance at an extended life. Strict organ transplant guidelines surround such a procedure, and the organ transplant surgery is carried out by highly specialised doctors working round the clock to monitor the patient’s vital sign throughout the organ transplant process. Due to a scarcity of donors, heart transplants are one of the most critical and least performed organ transplant surgeries, and operations are very few annually. Read More.
|Hospital||Location||Cost of Investigation||Cost of Heart Transplant|
|Apollo Hospital||Chennai||USD 2000||USD 48000|
|Artemis Hospital||Gurugram||USD 2000||USD 42000|
|Fortis Hospital||Delhi-NCR||USD 2000||USD 45000|
|Global Hospital||Chennai||USD 2000||USD 46000|
|Narayana Hospital||Bangalore||USD 2000||USD 42000|
Lungs is also a vital organ, healthy lungs are taken from a deceased patient and transplanted into the organ transplant recipient. Due to the lack of donors and the criticality of time of transport, lung transplants also remain rare across the globe. The organ transplant process is highly dependent on finding a highly suitable donor to prevent organ transplant rejection and avoid the immune system attacking the new transplanted Lungs. Read More.
|Hospital||Location||Cost of Investigation||Cost of Lung Transplant|
|Apollo Hospital||Chennai||USD 2000||USD 75000|
|Artemis Hospital||Gurugram||USD 2000||USD 72000|
|Global Hospital||Chennai||USD 2000||USD 70000|
|Narayana Hospital||Bangalore||USD 2000||USD 70000|
In cases of irreversible liver disease, a patient’s unhealthy liver is removed and replaced with either a portion of a liver from a living donor, such as a relative. End-stage liver disease, especially cirrhosis of the liver due to alcohol abuse, is the most common reason for organ transplant surgery for the liver. Other causes may include chronic hepatitis B or chronic hepatitis C, autoimmune hepatitis, Liver Tumors, metabolic disorders and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. The organ transplant success rate for liver transplants is relatively high, and 75% of patients are alive after five years of a liver transplant. Receiving a part of liver from a living relative donor reduces the chance of rejection of the organ and is suggested as a better choice of organ transplant. Read More.
|Hospital||Location||Cost of Investigation||Cost of Liver Transplant|
|Indrapastha Apollo Hospital||New Delhi||USD 1500-1800||USD 38000|
|Artemis Hospital||Gurugram||USD 1500-1800||USD 30000|
|BLK Hospital||New Delhi||USD 1500-1800||USD 37000|
|Fortis Hospital||Mumbai||USD 1500-1800||USD 38000|
|Global Hospital||Bangalore||USD 1500-1800||USD 32000|
|Jaypee Hospital||Noida, Delhi-NCR||USD 1500-1800||USD 40000|
|Narayana Hospital||Bangalore||USD 1500-1800||USD 36000|
|Sharda University Hospital||Noida, Delhi-NCR||USD 1500-1800||USD 35000|
Renal disease affects a large part of the population today. Kidneys are an essential part of the human mechanism, helping to filter out toxins from the blood, and ensuring an electrolyte balance that allows the body to function normally. Kidney failure can be contained by either dialysis or kidney transplants. In cases where dialysis is ruled out for the patient due to the severity of the kidney failure or overall health conditions, an organ transplant surgery is suggested. Either one or both kidneys may be replaced for such patients. A single kidney transplant usually involves a living organ transplant donor and both of them are put on specialised diets and medication to reduce chances of organ transplantation complications such as rejection of the donor organ or blood infections. Patients with cancer, hepatitis or cardiovascular disease are not chosen as candidates for most organ transplant processes, including kidney transplant. Receiving a kidney from a living relative donor reduces the chance of rejection of the organ and is suggested as a better choice of organ transplant. Read More.
|Hospital||Location||Cost of Investigation||Cost of Kidney Transplant|
|Indrapastha Apollo Hospital||New Delhi||USD 1500-1800||USD 12000|
|Artemis Hospital||Gurugram||USD 1500-1800||USD 11500|
|BLK Hospital||New Delhi||USD 1500-1800||USD 12000|
|Fortis Hospital||Mumbai||USD 1500-1800||USD 13000|
|Global Hospital||Bangalore||USD 1500-1800||USD 10000|
|Jaypee Hospital||Noida, Delhi-NCR||USD 1500-1800||USD 12500|
|Narayana Hospital||Bangalore||USD 1500-1800||USD 10500|
|Sharda University Hospital||Noida, Delhi-NCR||USD 1500-1800||USD 11000|