A craniotomy is the procedure to excise or resect brain tumors. Specialized tools are used to remove the section of bone called as the bone flap. The bone flap is temporarily removed and then teh expert neurosurgeons removes the tumours. Once the tumor is removed, the neurosurgeons then replace the removed part of the skull bone.
Conditions that may call for Craniotomy:
Conditions that require craniotomy and surgical repair include:
- Brain cancers or Brain Tumors
- Brain Infections
- Cerebral oedema (swelling of the brain)
- Bleeding within the skull.
- Blood clots
- Artervenious malformation (AVM)
- Parkison’s Disease or dystonia with an internal stimulator device.
Types of Craniotomy:
- Endoscopic Craniotomy: In this procedure the Neurosurgeons use, a surgical tool with a lighted scope and camera at the end of it. It is inserted into the skull through a small incision (cut).
- Stereotactic Craniotomy: A radiological scanning process such as CT scan or MRI is used to find the area of the brain needing treatment live during the surgery and in accordance a surgery is performed.
- Extended Bifrontal Craniotomy: An incision (cut) is made behind the hairline to remove the bone that forms the orbital and forehead shape is removed. The tumour is then excised and later the bone is sutured back.
- Minimally Invasive Supra-Orbital “Eyebrow” Craniotomy: In this procedure, a small incision is made within the eyebrow to excess tumours in the frontal side of the brain. The benefits include less pain, quick recovery and minimal scarring.
- Retro-Sigmoid “Keyhole” Craniotomy: In this procedure the surgeon access the part of brain from behind the ears. A small hole is made from behind the ear to access the tumour. This procedure is used to treat brain tumors which are placed on teh back side of brain.
- Orbitozygomatic Craniotomy: The procedure is used to access the tumours of optic nerve and the tumors in the areas near teh eyes. During the procedure, the bone between the cheek and the orbit (eye socket) is removed to access the diseased area. This is done to minimize brain damage and allow for better access to the brain.
Estimated cost of craniotomy in Indian Hospitals
|Hospital||City||Cost of Investigations||Cost of Procedure|
|W Pratiksha Hospital||Gurugram||USD 800||USD 6200|
|Artemis Hospital||Gurugram||USD 800||USD 6800|
|Sharda Hospital||Greater Noida||USD 800||USD 6200|
|BLK Super Specialty Hospital||New Delhi||USD 800||USD 7400|
|Indraprastha Apollo Hospital||New Delhi||USD 800||USD 7400|
|Manipal Hospital||New Delhi||USD 800||USD 7000|
|Jaypee Hospital||Greater Noida||USD 800||USD 7400|
|Medanta Hospital||Gurugram||USD 800||USD 7400|