Total Hip joint Replacement is a medical procedure in which the doctor removes the painful or damaged hip joint. The old joint is replaced with an artificial one. The artificial parts are made up of metal, ceramic, and very hard plastic. It helps in relieving pain and restoring the function in hip joints.
Symptoms of Hip Arthritis
You might consider hip replacement if you have:
- Hip or groin pain
- The one leg test
- Affects your ability to go up or down stairs.
- Makes it difficult to rise from a seated position.
- Tried other treatments for a reasonable period of time, and still having persistent hip pain.
DIAGNOSTIC TEST FOR TOTAL HIP REPLACEMENT:
Before proceeding to the Total Knee Replacement Doctor will examine patient in detail with physical and clinical investigations which include:
- X-RAY- This test helps doctor to view and assess bone fractures, injuries and joint abnormalities.
- Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)- It helps doctor to get a more detailed image and mainly used for smaller fractures.
- Computed tomography scan (CT, or CAT scan) – It shows a detailed three-dimensional image of fractures. During the time of an emergency, it can show internal injuries and bleeding quickly.
- Bone scan – Is done to measure the bone density
PROCEDURE OF TOTAL HIP REPLACEMENT SURGERY IN INDIA
The steps of the surgical procedure will depend upon the patient’s needs.
- General anaesthesia is used to block sensation from the waist downwards.
- An incision is made into the tissue layers on the front or side of the hip.
- The damaged Parts are removed and replaced.
- The artificial socket is implanted into your pelvic bone, to replace the damaged socket.
- The round ball on the top of femur is replaced with the artificial ball, which is attached to a stem that fits into thighbone. This restores the alignment and function of hip.
PRECAUTIONS AFTER SURGERY:
- Use a Walker or Cane.
- Treat the Hip pain
- Obey movement restrictions
- Keep a check and cut back on your exercises if your muscles begin to ache, but don’t stop doing them!
- Avoid sports that involve running or contact like golf or swimming.
- People can maximize rest time and reduce the chance of falls by planning ahead.
- Communicate Priorities to the Physical Therapist.
- Keep up with their physical therapy exercises.