What is Breast Cancer?
Breast cancer is a group of cancer cells (malignant tumor) that starts in the cells of the breast and invade surrounding tissues or spread (metastasize) to other areas of the body. As in all forms of cancer, breast cancer is made of abnormal cells that have grown uncontrollably. Those cells may also travel to places in your body where they aren’t normally found. When that happens, the cancer is called metastatic.
Breast cancer usually begins in a small, confined area in the glands, which produce milk (lobular carcinoma) or the ducts (ductal carcinoma), which carry it to the nipple. It can grow larger in the breast and spread through channels to nearby lymph nodes or through your bloodstream to other organs. The cancer may grow and invade tissue around the breast, such as the skin or chest wall. Different types of breast cancer grow and spread at different rates — some take years to spread beyond the breast, while others grow and spread quickly.
Breast Cancer Symptoms
The most common sign of breast cancer is a new lump or mass in the breast. In addition, the following are possible signs of breast cancer:
- Thickening or lump in the breast that feels different from the surrounding area
- Inverting of the nipple (as a change from the previous appearance)
- Nipple discharge or redness (especially any bloody discharge)
- Breast or nipple pain
- Swelling of part of the breast
- Changes in the skin of the breast
- Skin dimpling (peau d’orange)
- Lymph node changes
Types of Breast Cancer
There are many types of breast cancer. Some are more common than others, and there are also combinations of cancers. Some of the most common types of cancer are as follows:
- In situ cancers: These types haven’t spread past the duct or lobule where they started:
- Ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS): This is ductal carcinoma in its earliest stage (stage 0). In this case, the disease is still in the milk ducts. But if you don’t treat this type, it can become invasive. It’s often curable.
- Lobular carcinoma in situ (LCIS): This is found only in the lobules, which produce breast milk. It isn’t a true cancer, but a marker that means you’re more likely to get breast cancer later. If you have it, get regular breast exams and mammograms.
Breast Cancer Diagnosis
- If the cancer is found to be localized, the patient will need to undergo mastectomy followed by a breast reconstruction surgery. If the cancer has spread to other body parts & organs (metastasized), then chemotherapy will be required.
- If the cancer is hormone receptor-positive, hormone therapy is typically used.
- Radiation Therapyis usually given after surgery to lower the chance of the cancer coming back in the breast.
- Chemotherapy can be given before or after surgery. It involves using anti-cancer (cytotoxic) drugs to kill the cancer cells.
Breast Cancer Treatments
Treatment will depend on several factors, including:
- The type and stage of the cancer
- The person’s sensitivity to hormones
- The age, overall health, and preferences of the individual
Tentative cost of treatment of Breast Cancer
Best prices for breast cancer are listed below. This is the average cost of Breast Cancer treatment in top ranked hospitals in India. It may vary from person to person, depending on patient’s condition – like age, diabetes, hypertension etc.
|Treatments||Cost in USD|
|Cost of surgery||2800-3500 USD|
Top Hospitals in India for Treatment of Breast cancer
Top Doctors for Treatment of Breast Cancer in India
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