Breast cancer is a group of cancer cells (malignant tumour) that starts in the cells of the breast and invade surrounding tissues or spread (metastasize) to other areas of the body. As in all forms of cancer, breast cancer is made of abnormal cells that have grown uncontrollably. Those cells may also travel to places in your body where they aren’t normally found. When that happens, the cancer is called metastatic.
Breast cancer usually begins in a small, confined area in the glands, which produce milk (lobular carcinoma) or the ducts (ductal carcinoma), which carry it to the nipple. It can grow larger in the breast and spread through channels to nearby lymph nodes or through your bloodstream to other organs. Cancer may grow and invade tissue around the breast, such as the skin or chest wall. Different types of breast cancer grow and spread at different rates — some take years to spread beyond the breast, while others grow and spread quickly.
Breast cancer symptoms may vary patient to patient. The common sign and symptoms of breast cancer include lump or mass formation in the breast. In addition, there are some symptoms of breast cancer; as follows:
● Thickening of the part of breast
● New lump formation in the part of both breasts or in armpit.
● Irritation sensations on the skin of the breasts
● Bloody nipple discharge, other than breast milk.
● Pain in one or both breasts.
● Nipple appearance changes.
There are many types of breast cancer. Some are more common than others, and there are also combinations of cancers. Some of the most common types of cancer are as follows:
Type 1 – In situ cancers: In situ carcinoma: In situ cancer is the one of breast cancer type which hasn’t spread to the breast tissues.
Type 2 – Ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS): Ductal carcinoma is also known as intra ductal carcinoma or stage (stage 0). Is non-invasive cancer in which cells that line the duct are involved and become cancerous.
Type 3 – Lobular carcinoma in situ (LCIS): Lobular Carcinoma in situ is a type of cancer which is found only in the lobules, which produce breast milk.
● If the cancer is found to be localized, the patient will need to undergo mastectomy followed by a breast reconstruction surgery. If cancer has spread to other body parts & organs (metastasized), then chemotherapy will be required.
● If the cancer is hormone receptor-positive, hormone therapy is typically used.
● Radiation Therapy is usually given after surgery to lower the chance of cancer coming back in the breast.
● Chemotherapy can be given before or after surgery. It involves using anti-cancer (cytotoxic) drugs to kill the cancer cells.
Breast cancer is a group of cancer cells (Malignant Tumour) that starts in the cells of the breast and invade surrounding tissues or spread (metastasize) to other areas of the body.
Breast cancer is a complex collection of many different subtypes, and there is no “one-size-fits-all” treatment.
Classification helps determine the right treatment plan. Classification is done by finding out staging the disease and spread (metastasis).
The final line of treatment can be decided after the outcome of investigations and reviewing the patient in person.
Stage 1: If the cancer is localized and early stages patient will need surgery.
Stage 2: If cancer is localized and advanced patient will need surgery known as Mastectomy with Breast Conservation and Radiation therapy.
Stage 3: If cancer is metastasized (spread to their body parts and organs) then the patient may need Surgery or Radiation followed by Chemotherapy.
Stage 4: If cancer is multiple is metastasized and late stage then patient need Chemotherapy.
* “The above treatment modalities are likely and possible treatment options. The actual line of treatment may vary from case to case and we encourage patients to share the medical reports to us for a definitive line of treatment”.
The cost of breast cancer is depends upon several factors including:
1. The type of hospital you elect for
2. Room– Standard single room, deluxe room for the number of nights
4. The fee to your group of physicians (Surgeons, Surgical and Radiation Oncologists, Anaesthetist, Diagnostic Radiologists, Physiotherapist, Dietician)
6. Regular evaluation and diagnostic processes
7. Sort of operation undertaken
8. Of chemotherapy periods demanded
9. If radiotherapy is needed
|Treatments||Cost in USD|
|Medical Evaluation||300-500 USD|
|PET CT||400 USD|
|Cost of Surgery||2800-3500 USD|
India is the destination for a very large number of international cancer patients. Patients from several countries have been visiting India for cancer treatment due to various advantages like better cost, the availability of latest medical technologies, and and a growing compliance on international quality standards, doctors trained in western countries including the United States and the United Kingdom, as well as English-speaking personnel, due to which foreigners are less likely to face language barrier in India.
Indian Hospitals have the most prestigious and leading group of oncologists, cancer surgeons, and physicians dedicated to fight various different types and stages of cancer with the best medical facilities and infrastructure at a very affordable cost.
Indian hospitals offer the same treatment as any other part of the world.
Yes. Indian doctors are good. As good as their western counterparts. Indian doctors are better in some fields because they are exposed to a lot more cases than their western counterparts. Indian surgeons are the best at cancer treatments simply because India has the maximum number of cancer cases.
Five year overall survival rate of breast cancer in India ranged from 40-62%. The survival of breast cancer varies widely depending on a number of factors like age, stage at diagnosis, marital status, hormonal status, clinical extent of disease and treatment.