Lung Cancer Treatment in India:
Cancer is a ruthless disease in which cells in the body grow out of control. Lung cancer is the cancer that starts in the lungs.
Lung cancer starts in the lungs and later may spread to lymph nodes or other organs in the body, such as the brain. Cancer from other organs in the body may also spread to the lungs. When cancerous cells spread from one organ to another, they are said to be metastases.
What are Lung cancer symptoms?
In lung cancer, Different people have different symptoms. Some people will have symptoms related to the lungs such as bleeding while coughing. Some people whose cancer has spread to other parts of the body other than the lung (metastasized) have symptoms specific to that particular part of the body.
Symptoms of lung cancer may include:
What are the causes and risk factors for lung cancer?
The number one risk factor for lung cancer is cigarette smoking. In the United States, based on a research, cigarette smoking is linked to about 80% – 90% of lung cancer deaths. Also, with the use of other tobacco products such as pipes or cigars also increases the risk for lung cancer. Tobacco smoke is a toxic mix of more than 7,000 chemicals which is life-threatening. Many of which are poisonous chemicals. People who smoke cigarettes are 15 to 30 times more likely to get lung cancer or die of lung cancer compared to the people who don’t smoke. If you think smoking occasionally is fine, then you may want to reconsider as it also increases the risk of lung cancer. Even smoking a few cigarettes a day increases the risk of lung cancer. More the cigarettes a day, the more the risk of getting lung cancer.
Passive smoking or the inhalation of tobacco smoke by non-smokers who share living or working quarters with smokers, also is an established risk factor for the development of lung cancer. Research has shown that nonsmokers who reside with a smoker have a 24% increase in risk for developing lung cancer when compared with nonsmokers who do not reside with a smoker.
Causes of Lung Cancer:
At least 90% of lung cancer cases are the result of smoking well; it’s just not the reason anyone can get lung cancer.
The moment you inhale smoke into your lungs, it starts to damage your lung tissue. The lungs can repair the damage, but continued exposure to smoke can make it increasingly difficult for the lungs to keep up the repair.
Once cells are damaged because of smoking, they begin to behave abnormally, thus increasing the likelihood of developing lung cancer. Small-cell lung cancer is almost always associated with heavy smoking. So, if you stop smoking, your chances of lung cancer decreases over time.
Inhaling other hazardous substances, especially over a long period of time, may cause lung cancer. A type of lung cancer known as mesothelioma is almost always caused by exposure to asbestos.
Substances that may cause lung cancer are:
If you smoke or you’re exposed to other carcinogens than you are more likely to develop lung cancer. Inherited genetic mutations may make you more likely to develop lung cancer.
Types of lung cancer
There are two major types of Lung Cancer based on the appearance of lung cancer cells under the microscope. The two general types of lung cancer include:
Small cell lung cancer: Small cell lung cancer occurs almost exclusively in heavy smokers and is less common than non-small cell lung cancer.
Non-small cell lung cancer: Non-small cell lung cancer is an umbrella term for several types of lung cancers that behave in a similar way. Non-small cell lung cancers include squamous cell carcinoma, adenocarcinoma and large cell carcinoma.
The following are the stages of Lung Cancer:
Cancer stages help to get the right treatment and tell how far the cancer has spread.
The chance of curative treatment or success is much higher when lung cancer is diagnosed and treated in the early stages, before it spreads to the other organs. Because lung cancer doesn’t cause obvious symptoms in the earlier stages, diagnosis often comes after it has spread to other parts which makes it less likely to get cured.
Non-small cell lung cancer consists of four main stages:
There are two main stages of Small-cell lung cancer (SCLC). In the limited stage, cancer is found either in only one side of the lung or near lymph nodes on the same side of the chest.
The extensive stage means cancer has spread to the following parts:
How is Lung cancer diagnosed?
Doctors use a wide range of diagnostic procedures and tests to diagnose lung cancer. These include the following:
Imaging tests: This is the test, where an abnormal mass can be seen on X-ray, CT, MRI, PET and CT PET scans. These scans produce more details and find smaller lesions.
A biopsy test can determine if tumor cells are cancerous. A tissue sample can be obtained by:
If lung cancer is diagnosed, other tests are done to find out how far it has spread through the lungs, lymph nodes, and the rest of the body. This process is called staging. The type and stage of lung cancer tells doctors what kind of treatment you need. Lung cancer is treated in several ways, depending on the type of lung cancer and how far it has spread. People with non-small cell lung cancer can be treated with surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, targeted therapy, or a combination of these treatments. People with small cell lung cancer are usually treated with radiation therapy and chemotherapy.
For Further Details on Lung Cancer Treatments
Targeted Therapy for Lung Cancer Treatment – Click Here
Radiation Therapy for Lung Cancer Treatment – Click Here
Chemotherapy for Lung Cancer Treatment – Click Here
Immunotherapy for Lung Cancer Treatment- Click Here
For Other Related Cancer Treatment
Breast Cancer Treatment: – To Read more on Breast Cancer Treatment – Click Here
Prostate Cancer Treatment: – To Read more on Prostate Cancer Treatment – Click Here
Best Hospitals for Lung Cancer Treatment
Apollo Hospital – For details of Lung Cancer treatment at Apollo Hospital- Click Here
Fortis Hospital – For details of Lung Cancer treatment at Fortis Hospital- Click Here
Artemis Hospital – For details of Lung Cancer treatment at Artemis Hospital- Click Here
Medanta Hospital – For details of Lung Cancer treatment at Medanta Hospital- Click Here
Aster Hospital – For details of Lung Cancer treatment at Aster Hospital- Click Here
Jaypee Hospital – For details of Lung Cancer treatment at Jaypee Hospital- Click Here
W-Pratiksha Hospital – For details of Lung Cancer treatment at W-Pratiksha Hospital- Click Here
Weill Cornell Medicine – June 15, 2021 :- Combination Therapy Boosts Lung Cancer Patients’ Response, Cuts Treatment Time in Phase 2 Trial